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博耐顿女校year12入学考试化学笔试真题分享!

2023-03-06 19:24:39来源:考而思在线阅读量:91

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博耐顿女校year12化学笔试考什么?博耐顿女校是英国唯一一所全寄宿女校,位置在有“英格兰花园”之称的肯特,风景和环境优美。博耐顿女校的学术成绩也十分优异,每年有20%的学生升入牛津、剑桥大学。基本上入学博耐顿女校都需要先经历笔试,接下来小编为大家分享博耐顿女校year12入学考试化学笔试真题,希望对大家有所帮助。时间:1小时30分钟说明:•在上面的方框中填写你的姓名、学校和日期•使用黑色墨水或圆

博耐顿女校year12化学笔试考什么?博耐顿女校是英国唯一一所全寄宿女校,位置在有“英格兰花园”之称的肯特,风景和环境优美。博耐顿女校的学术成绩也十分优异,每年有20%的学生升入牛津、剑桥大学。基本上入学博耐顿女校都需要先经历笔试,接下来小编为大家分享博耐顿女校year12入学考试化学笔试真题,希望对大家有所帮助。

博耐顿女校Benenden School year12化学入学考试笔试题库

时间:1小时30分钟

说明:

•在上面的方框中填写你的姓名、学校和日期

•使用黑色墨水或圆珠笔。如果你改变了对一个答案的想法,请在它之间画上一条线,然后写下你的新答案(请不要使用Tipex或涂改液)。

•回答所有问题

•在空白处回答问题

•展示所有计算步骤,并记得包含单位

•你可以使用计算器

•使用提供的元素周期表

•括号内标明了每个问题的分数

•这篇论文的总分是100分

博耐顿女校year12入学考试化学笔试真题:

Questions

Q1.

博耐顿女校Benenden School year12化学入学考试笔试题库

(b) Acids also react with metal carbonates.

The word equation for the reaction of copper carbonate with dilute nitric acid is

博耐顿女校Benenden School year12化学入学考试笔试题库

(i) State two things you would see when solid copper carbonate reacts with dilute nitric acid.

..............................................................................................................................................

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(ii) Write the balanced equation for the reaction of copper carbonate with dilute nitric acid.

..............................................................................................................................................

(c) Two gases can be produced by the electrolysis of water, under suitable conditions.

(i) Explain what is meant by electrolysis.

..............................................................................................................................................

..............................................................................................................................................

..............................................................................................................................................

(ii) One of the gases is hydrogen. Describe a test to show the gas is hydrogen.

..............................................................................................................................................

Q2.

The names and formulae of the first three alcohols in the homologous series of alcohols are given in the table.

博耐顿女校Benenden School year12化学入学考试笔试题库

(i) Pentanol is another member of the alcohol homologous series.

A molecule of pentanol contains five carbon atoms.

Predict the formula of a molecule of pentanol.

...........................................................

(ii) Draw the structure of a molecule of ethanol, C2H5OH, showing all the bonds.

Q3.

Lithium, sodium and potassium are metals in group 1 of the periodic table.

They are good conductors of heat and electricity.

The freshly-cut metals are shiny.

(a) (i) Give another physical property of all three of these metals.

(ii) Explain, in terms of electrons in their atoms, why lithium, sodium and potassium are in group 1 of the periodic table.

(b) A small piece of potassium is added to water.

(i) Describe what you would see in this reaction.

博耐顿女校Benenden School year12化学入学考试笔试题库

(c) There is an increase in reactivity of these group 1 metals from lithium to potassium. Explain this increase in reactivity.

Q4.

(a) The table shows the number of electrons, neutrons and protons in particles P, Q, R, S, T and V.

博耐顿女校Benenden School year12化学入学考试笔试题库

博耐顿女校Benenden School year12化学入学考试笔试题库

(b) Each element has an atomic number.

(i) State what is meant by atomic number.

..............................................................................................................................................

..............................................................................................................................................

(ii) The atomic number of boron is 5.

Boron exists as two isotopes boron-10 and boron-11.

Use this information to explain why boron-10 and boron-11 are isotopes.

..............................................................................................................................................

..............................................................................................................................................

(c) (i) Explain what is meant by the term relative atomic mass.

..............................................................................................................................................

..............................................................................................................................................

(ii) A sample of boron contains

• 19.7% of boron-10.

• 80.3% of boron-11.

Use this information to calculate the relative atomic mass of boron.

..............................................................................................................................................

..............................................................................................................................................

Q5.

Marble chips react with dilute hydrochloric acid.

Marble is a form of calcium carbonate.

(i)Complete the balanced equation for this reaction.

博耐顿女校Benenden School year12化学入学考试笔试题库

(ii) Explain how using smaller sized marble chips affects the rate of this reaction, when all the other conditions remain the same.

.............................................................................................................................................

.............................................................................................................................................

(iii) Explain, in terms of collisions between particles, how increasing the concentration of the hydrochloric acid affects the rate of this reaction, when all the other conditions remain the same.

.............................................................................................................................................

.............................................................................................................................................

Q6.

Copper hydroxide, copper oxide and copper sulfide are three compounds of copper.

In an analysis of copper sulfide, 12.7 g of copper was found to be combined with 3.2 g of sulfur.

Calculate the empirical formula of the copper sulfide.

Show your working.

(relative atomic masses: Cu = 63.5, S = 32).

.............................................................................................................................................

Q7.

The table shows some properties of six compounds.

博耐顿女校Benenden School year12化学入学考试笔试题库

(b) Two of the compounds in the table produce a colour in a flame test.

Give the name of one of these compounds and the colour it produces in the flame test.

compound . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

colour . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

(c) Hexane is a covalent compound containing simple molecules.

It has a low boiling point.

(i) Explain why it has a low boiling point.

(ii) Hexane and water are immiscible.

Describe how separate samples of hexane and water can be obtained from a mixture of Hexane and water.

(d) Draw a dot and cross diagram of a molecule of hydrogen chloride.

Show outer electrons only.

The table shows some properties of diamond and graphite.

博耐顿女校Benenden School year12化学入学考试笔试题库

(i) Suggest why diamond and graphite might be expected to have similar properties.

..............................................................................................................................................

..............................................................................................................................................

(ii) By referring to its structure, explain why diamond is very hard.

..............................................................................................................................................

..............................................................................................................................................

(iii) By referring to its structure, explain why graphite flakes easily.

..............................................................................................................................................

..............................................................................................................................................

Q9.

(a) An experiment is carried out to measure the temperature change when solid ammonium chloride

is dissolved in water.

• initial temperature of water = 19°C

• final temperature of solution = 15°C

Explain what the temperature readings show about the type of heat change occurring when ammonium chloride dissolves in water.

(b) When zinc reacts with copper sulfate solution, copper and zinc sulfate solution are formed.

博耐顿女校Benenden School year12化学入学考试笔试题库

This reaction is exothermic.

Use this information to complete the diagram.

博耐顿女校Benenden School year12化学入学考试笔试题库

(c) Reactions are accompanied by heat changes.

The heat changes are the results of bonds being broken and bonds being formed.

Which row of the table shows the heat energy changes that occur when bonds are broken and when bonds are formed?

博耐顿女校Benenden School year12化学入学考试笔试题库

(d) Reactions can occur when particles collide.

Rates of reactions can be altered by changing conditions.

Explain how the rate of reaction between a solid and a liquid is altered by changing the size of the pieces of solid and by changing the temperature of the liquid.

博耐顿女校Benenden School year12化学入学考试笔试题库

(ii) The percentage of carbon dioxide in the Earth's atmosphere today is less than that in the

Earth's earliest atmosphere.

Explain what has caused the percentage of carbon dioxide to decrease.

..............................................................................................................................................

(iii) Carbon dioxide and other gases in the atmosphere help to keep the Earth warm. State how these gases keep the Earth warm.

..............................................................................................................................................

(b) Describe the test to show that a gas is oxygen.

..............................................................................................................................................

..............................................................................................................................................

(c) Magnesium reacts with oxygen to form magnesium oxide.

An excess of magnesium ribbon was placed in an evaporating basin that was floated on water in a trough.

The magnesium ribbon was lit.

A bell jar was placed over the evaporating basin and the stopper inserted to seal the experiment.

博耐顿女校Benenden School year12化学入学考试笔试题库

When the magnesium flame went out, there was some magnesium left in the basin.

When the apparatus had cooled, the water in the bell jar had risen.

(i) Explain why the water level had risen.

..............................................................................................................................................

..............................................................................................................................................

(ii) At the start of the experiment, the volume of the air in the bell jar was 1000 cm3.

Assume that 21% of the air by volume is oxygen.

Calculate the volume of gas that was present in the bell jar at the end of the experiment.

..............................................................................................................................................

..............................................................................................................................................

volume of gas = . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . cm3

(d) Metal oxides react with acids to produce salts and water.

Dilute sulfuric acid was added to magnesium oxide.

State the name of the salt formed.

..............................................................................................................................................

Q11.

In industry sodium carbonate is made from sodium chloride solution and calcium carbonate in the Solvay Process.

(a) Describe the test to show that calcium carbonate contains carbonate ions.

..............................................................................................................................................

..............................................................................................................................................

..............................................................................................................................................

(b) Another product of the Solvay Process is calcium chloride.

Calculate the relative formula mass of calcium chloride, CaCl2.

(Relative atomic masses: Ca = 40; Cl = 35.5).

..............................................................................................................................................

(c) The overall equation for the Solvay Process is:

2NaCl + CaCO3 → Na2CO3 + CaC2

Calculate the maximum mass of sodium carbonate that could be formed by reacting 40 kg of calcium carbonate with an excess of sodium chloride solution. (Relative formula masses: CaCO3 = 100; Na2CO3 = 106).

..............................................................................................................................................

..............................................................................................................................................

(d) Sodium carbonate was made in a laboratory experiment.

The theoretical yield of the experiment was 15.0 g.

The actual yield of the experiment was 10.4 g.

(i) Calculate the percentage yield of sodium carbonate in this experiment.

..............................................................................................................................................

..............................................................................................................................................

(ii) Suggest two reasons why the actual yield was less than the theoretical yield.

..............................................................................................................................................

Q12.

(a) Two pieces of metal can be joined by welding them together.

博耐顿女校Benenden School year12化学入学考试笔试题库

(ii) To join two pieces of metal by welding, they must be melted together. State why a high temperature has to be used.

..............................................................................................................................................

(iii) The pieces of metal are welded together in an atmosphere of argon. Explain why an atmosphere of argon is used.

..............................................................................................................................................

(b) Some metals react with halogens.

Iron reacts with bromine, Br2, to form iron(III) bromide, FeBr3. Write the balanced equation for this reaction.

..............................................................................................................................................

博耐顿女校Benenden School year12化学入学考试笔试题库

博耐顿女校Benenden School year12化学入学考试笔试题库

博耐顿女校Benenden School year12化学入学考试笔试题库

Use the information in the table to explain the order of reactivity of the three halogens.

..............................................................................................................................................

..............................................................................................................................................

博耐顿女校Benenden School year12化学入学考试笔试题库

Q14.

The diagram shows the electrolysis of hydrochloric acid.

Chlorine is produced in this process.

博耐顿女校Benenden School year12化学入学考试笔试题库

(i) Chlorine is given off in this experiment.

Describe the test to show the gas is chlorine.

..............................................................................................................................................

(ii) Explain one precaution that should be taken if hydrochloric acid is electrolysed on a large scale.

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